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How Art Shapes Our Lives: Hearst Castle

Sal Maccarone (photograph by Ron Iudice)

By Sal Maccarone —

I am writing a series of articles exclusively for Sierra News Online on the subject of art — a very broad subject I will tailor specifically to enlighten our mountain area readers.

Chronicling places with a fairly close proximity to us, the focus will be why they’re important, as well as on specific artists and their significance, the meaning of art terms such as Impressionism and Realism, architecture and a variety of other subjects that relate to art. Never critical about an artist’s work, an exhibition, a place or any of the subjects I write about, to me — beauty is always in the eye of the beholder.

Some of you may know me as a woodworker and author of internationally recognized woodworking books, because that is how I’ve always made my living. I began my woodworking career after graduating from San Jose State University with degrees in both art history and sculpture.

I’ve always thought of my work as being a form of “utilitarian” or useful art — at least, that is how I approach every project that I do. To me it is a privilege when someone has faith in my work and then gives me the chance to prove myself. All of that aside, I am very happy to share my knowledge about the subject that I love the most: art. I do this in an effort to educate, enlighten and inform others as to how important art really is, and how fun. With this series I will point out how art shapes our lives everyday in one way or another.

How Art Shapes Our Lives: Hearst Castle

A passionate collector of art

There are some who collect art and then there are those who are obsessed with collecting art. Every once in a while, just the right combination of good timing, great circumstances and the right person can all line up to produce amazing long-lasting results for humanity. The process might take more than a hundred years to manifest into something great, but — what’s a hundred years in the whole scheme of things?

I would like to follow a story that begins shortly after the California gold rush when young George Hearst (1820-1891) left Missouri for the West in 1850 to try his hand at prospecting.

He first tried placer mining on the American river in nearby Sutter’s Mill. After realizing that most of the easy gold had already been found, George began studying geology in his spare time while running a general store that catered to miners. It turned out that his scientific approach as a mining engineer made him very rich. Eventually he was to become a partner in the Comstock and Ophir mines in Nevada, the Ontario silver mine in Utah, the Homestake mine in South Dakota and the Anaconda mine in Montana. In 1862 he married Phoebe Apperson and the couple moved to San Francisco were they lived in a house on the corner of Chestnut and Leavenworth.

George and Phoebe Hearst had one son in 1863 whom they named William Randolph (1863-1951). Young William had a chance to experience the world as few do and, at the age of ten, he embarked with his mother on a year-and-a-half long world tour. Throughout his life he dreamed of building an estate similar to those he had seen in Europe as a boy. Hearst Castle, overlooking San Simeon Bay, would become the realization of that dream. Together with famed San Francisco architect Julia Morgan, Hearst would collaborate to construct a castle like the ones he viewed on his boyhood trip.

The Hearst Castle estate has a magnificent main house, Casa Grande, and three very large guest houses. The guest houses are of the Mediterranean Revival style, while the imposing towers of Casa Grande were inspired by the Church of Santa Maria la Mayor in Ronda, Spain. The entire estate is a myriad of historic architectural styles. All total, there are more than 90,000 square feet under roof within the main grounds. Hearst was an insatiable buyer who did not purchase art and antiques to furnish his home but, rather, built his castle to get his art collection out of storage and into use.

In the 1920s and 1930s a personal invitation to the Hearst Castle was something very special. The Hollywood and political elite would visit often and there could be one hundred stay-over guests at any given time. There were no restrictions on how long one could stay once invited, but your place at the dinner table would keep moving further away from Mr. Hearst as time went by. Some of the notable guests from that era include Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, Calvin Coolidge, Charles Lindbergh, Bob Hope, Hedda Hopper, Joan Crawford, James Stewart, Clark Gable, Charlie Chaplin and Marion Davies — the list goes on.

Hearst Castle has 165 rooms, including 56 bedrooms, 61 bathrooms, 19 sitting rooms and a two-story main kitchen. The estate also has both indoor and outdoor swimming pools, tennis courts, a movie theater, an airfield and at one time housed the world’s largest private zoo. William Hearst and Julia Morgan’s twenty-eight year collaboration was destined to become one of the world’s great achievements.

After William’s death, the property and castle estate were donated by the Hearst family to the state in 1958. The castle and grounds now serve as a meticulously maintained California State Park that can be enjoyed by all of us. The park offers many tours daily and is open year round. The official website is www.HearstCastle.com. Once the guided tour is finished, guests are allowed as much time as needed to enjoy the grounds. When you are ready to leave, just get on one of the buses which run every ten minutes down the five mile winding road back to the welcome center.

Hearst Castle joined the National Register of Historic Places on June 22, 1972 and became a United States National Historic Landmark on May 11, 1976.

Photos of Hearst Castle by Sal Maccarone

Sal Maccarone is a foothills-based artist and craftsman

How Art Shapes Our Lives: The Mission Style

About Sal Maccarone

Sal Maccarone is an American author, furniture maker, sculptor and kinetic artist. He is best known as a master craftsman, and for his internationally distributed woodworking books such as Tune Up Your Tools, and How to Make $40,000 a Year Woodworking, both published by F & W publications, Betterway Books, in Cincinnati, Ohio. He is also known for his woodworking technique articles published both online since 1994, and by the national magazine Popular Woodworking. Articles such as his "Evolution of an Entryway" have also been published in industry specific journals. He attended San Jose State University and achieved a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in Art History. During 1973 and 1974 while in the Master of Fine Arts Program for sculpture at (SJSU), he studied under Professors Sam Richardson, John Battenberg, and Fletcher Benton, all internationally recognized sculptors. While studying for his masters degree in sculpture he became involved in the kinetic sculpture movement of the 1970s. Always using wood as the main media for his sculpture, he also incorporates metal, glass, plastic, and natural stone. His meticulously engineered kinetic sculptures are best described as a combination of fine furniture pieces which contain an impossible bottle type environment that is viewed through glass. The cabinet always remains stationary while the artwork within is kinetic. When turned on, the pieces sequenced with a combination of light and mechanical movement. Beginning in 1997, after the publication of his first national woodworking book, he began teaching woodworking technique. Touring the country with The Woodworking Shows, a Los Angeles based traveling trade organization, he gives three day woodworking seminars in twenty-one different US cities each season. In 2009 he began a syndicated newspaper column called, "How Art Shapes Our Lives". The column is published once each week in the California central valley, Sierra foothills, and the Yosemite area. The column is designed to help build an awareness of the fine arts and the "Bigger Picture" while pointing to something local that can be observed. In 2010 he designed and built the two wood and glass display cases which reside as part of the permanent collection in the Great Lounge of the Ahwahnee Hotel. These furniture pieces were the first new additions to grace the Great Lounge since 1927. Both matching cases are made of native California walnut and are primarily used to display the historic baskets made by the Miwok people who once lived in Yosemite Valley. In 2011 the display cases were designated as "Reserve Property" of the hotel and are now part of the United States national heritage. He has been in the business of designing and building commissioned pieces of furniture, and sculpture since 1972. His woodwork and kinetic sculpture can be viewed in many public, and private collections throughout the United States, and British Columbia. His woodwork portfolio has been used as reference within the Marriott International interior design library system since 1990. As a member of the American Institute for Conservation he has also served as a conservator of furniture for the Ahwahnee Hotel in Yosemite National Park, and has helped to preserve such National treasures as the three Craftsman style harvest tables which were built in 1926 by L & J.G. Stickley especially for the hotel.

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