OAKHURST — Anil Olivera was installed as Postmaster of Oakhurst, CA, on Wednesday, July 6, in a special ceremony. Postmaster General Louis DeJoy administered the oath of office to Olivera, alongside 49 other postmasters throughout California.
“It is a great honor to serve Oakhurst as your new Postmaster. In my years with the United States Postal Service, I have seen firsthand the role the Postal Service plays connecting neighbors and our community to the nation. Our Post Office serves as a lifeline for our small businesses to reach customers no matter where they are,” said Olivera. “Under Postmaster General Louis DeJoy’s leadership and Delivering For America, the Postal Service’s 10-year plan, we are maintaining universal six-day mail delivery, stabilizing our workforce, and spurring innovation to meet the needs of our modern customers.”
The History of the Postmaster Position
The title “Postmaster” carries with it both a noble heritage and a vital responsibility.
Originally, the word ‘postmaster’ was referred as the one who provided post horses. According to the Oxford Dictionary, postmaster means “master of the posts, the officer who has charge or direction of the posts.”
William Penn established Pennsylvania’s first post office in 1683. However, the real beginnings of a postal system in the colonies dates from 1692 when Thomas Neale received a 21-year grant from the British Crown authorizing him to set up post roads in North America.
In 1707, the British government bought the rights to the North American postal service, and, in 1710, consolidated the postal service into one establishment. The principal offices of the new British Postal Service were in London, England; Edinburgh, Scotland; Dublin, Ireland, and New York.
In 1737, Benjamin Franklin was appointed Postmaster at Philadelphia. He laid out new post roads, helped expand mail service from Canada to New York and instituted overnight delivery between Philadelphia and New York City, a distance of 90 miles. In 1774, Franklin was dismissed from office because of his efforts on behalf of the patriots.
When the Continental Congress met in May 1775, they named Franklin as Postmaster General for the 13 American colonies.
From 1775 until the early 1800s, postmasters were appointed by the postmaster general. In 1836, postmasters were appointed by the president, but this of course changed whenever a new party was elected.
It was not until August 1970, with the signing of the Postal Reorganization Act, which took effect in July 1971, that the patronage system was finally removed from the postal service once and for all. Postmasters began being appointed on merit alone. The act also permitted upward mobility for line employees, allowing them to be promoted to the position of postmaster.
Along the way, there have been several famous individuals, who have served as postmasters. In 1833, Abraham Lincoln was appointed postmaster of New Salem, IL.
The postal service generally receives no tax dollars for operating expenses and relies on the sale of postage, products and services to fund its operations.
A short video about how the U. S. Postal Service works.